Chapter-11: Organizational Change and Development

Very Short Question and Answers 1. State the main forces for organizational change. The major forces for change are enlisted as follows: a) External force: It forces the organization to change. It includes: Nature of the workforce Technology Economic shocks Competition b) Internal force: It forces the organization to adopt change. In includes: Goal change […]

Chapter-10: Conflict

Very Short Question and Answers 1. State the human relations view of the conflict.  From the late 1940s mid-70s, the human relations view dominated the topic of organizational conflict. The human relations view does not discard conflict as an outright negative and destructive thing. Instead, it says that an organizational conflict may be beneficial for […]

Chapter-9: Communication Solution | BBS Notes | Tribhuvan University

communication Solution Very Short Questions and Answers 1. What is decoding? Decoding refers to the process by which the receiver draws meaning from symbols encoded by the sender. One’s knowledge, attitude, cultural background, etc. influence the ability of a receiver to encode the message. Communication Solution 2.  Give two examples of nonverbal communication. The two […]

Chapter:8 Leadership

Very Short Question and Answer 1. State the nature of leadership. Some of the key natures of leadership are enlisted as follows: Process of interpersonal influence Leaders and followers Common goals Continuous exercise Leadership is situational 2. 2074 Q.No. 8 State what trait theory says about leadership.  One of the earliest theories to be developed […]

Chapter-7: Groups and Teams In Organization

Very short Question and Answer 1.  What is a technical view of group dynamics? Groups have properties of their own that are different from the properties of the individuals who make up the group. The special properties of groups are illustrated by a simple lesson in mathematics. Suppose we say ‘one plus one equals three. […]

Chapter-6: Motivation

Very Short Question and Answer 1. State two characteristics of motivation. The characteristics/ features of motivation are enlisted as follows: Motivation is continuous in nature.  Motivation can either be positive or negative. 2. What are the characteristics of the people with the need for affiliation? The people having a high need for affiliation have the […]

Chapter-5 Personality

Very Short Question and Answer 1. What is a personality trait? In recent years researchers have identified five fundamental personality traits that are especially relevant to organizations are as follows: Extroversions Agreeableness Conscientiousness Emotional stability Openness to experience 2. State two nature of personality. The two natures of personality are stated as follows: It is […]

Chapter-4: Learning

Very Short Question and Answer 1. What are the components of learning? The primary components of learning are listed below: Change Relatively permanent Experience Reinforcement 2. 2075 Q.No. 4 What is the ‘O’ factor? Organism (O) factors are intimately related to the individual and his/her psychological and physiological state. The mental state is a psychological […]

Chapter-3: Perception

Very Short Question and Answer 1. What is the outcome of perception? The major outcomes of perception are as follows: The behavioural outcome may come either in term of overt or covert ways. Overt behaviour is physical in nature. For example, an employee may move rapid or slow. Covert behaviour is emotional in nature. For […]

Chapter-2: Understanding Individual Behaviour

Very Short Question and Answer 1. Define cognitive process. The cognitive process refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes beliefs or behaviour. This is the feeling of uncomfortable tension which comes from holding conflicting thoughts in the mind at the same time. It is used to individuals perceive the people and objects around them affect […]