Concept of Organizational Behavior

  • Organizational behavior is the study of both group and individual performance and activity within an organization.
  • Examines human behavior in a work environment and determines its impact on job structure, performance, communication, motivation, change management, leadership, etc.
  • Investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations.
  • One of the main goals of OB is to revitalize organizational theory and develop a better conceptualization of organizational life.

Fundamental Concepts of Organizational Behavior or Assumptions

  • Individual Differences
  • Perception
  • A whole Person
  • Motivated Behavior
  • The desire for Involvement
  • The value of the Person
  • Human Dignity
  • Organizations are Social System
  • Mutuality of Interest
  • Holistic Concept

Organizational Behavior System

Organizational Behavior System
The OB Model; Image from iEduNote

A Basic OB Model (Components of OB System)

Disciplines that contribute to Organizational Behavior

  • Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Anthropology
  • Political Science

Also, Read: Organizational Structure: Common Organizational Design, Matrix Modelx

Purpose of Organizational Behavior

  • It’s purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objectives,
    organizational objectives, and social objectives
  • Organizational Behavior is;
    • A separate field of Study and not a Discipline Only.
    • An interdisciplinary Approach.
    • Applied Science.
    • A Normative Science.
    • A Humanistic and Optimistic Approach.
    • A Total System Approach.

Objectives of Organizational Behavior

Organizational behavior studies the mechanisms governing these interactions, seeking to identify and foster behaviors conducive to the survival and effectiveness of the organization.

  • Job Satisfaction.
  • Finding the Right People.
  • Organizational Culture.
  • Leadership and Conflict Resolution.
  • Understanding the Employees Better.
  • Understand how to Develop Good Leaders.
  • Develop a Good Team.
  • Higher Productivity.

Challenges and Opportunities of Organizational Behavior

  • Improving Peoples’ Skills
  • Improving Quality and
  • Productivity
  • Total Quality Management (TQM)
  • Managing Workforce Diversity
  • Responding to Globalization
  • Empowering People
  • Coping with Temporariness
  • Stimulating Innovation and change
  • Emergence of E-Organisation & E-Commerce
  • Improving Ethical Behavior
  • Improving Customer Service
  • Helping Employees Balance Work Life Conflicts
  • Flattening World

Limitations of Organizational Behavior

  • Behavioral Bias
  • The Law of Diminishing Returns
  • Unethical Manipulation of People

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