1.  Write a text for a holiday brochure about a place where you have spent a holiday.

Pokhara, The City of Bewitching Beauty

Pokhara is known as the city of natural beauties and attractions. It lies in Kaski district, Gandaki zone, West part of national geography. It is one of the best tourist destinations of Nepal with its own specialities and features. Pokhara Valley and its beautiful surroundings have become enchanting vibration to million of domestic and international tourists.

Pokhara is in just 200 km distance from the capital city, Kathmandu but it has easy access from all parts of country. It is only 5-6 hours bus journey or 45 minutes flight from Kathmandu city. The city has from 1000 meter to upto 7500 meter surrounding. It is more naturally gifted city than the cultural or historical origin.

Machhapuchre Himal

Machhapurchre mountain is also called a virgin peak of Nepal since it is not used in mountain climbing. Along with this gifted mountain, the views of the mountains we can see from Pokhara Valley are Annpurna, Dhawalagiri and Mansalu which are under top ten tallest mountains of the world.

On the bottom of valley it is fully covered with natural beauties and attractions. The wide spread (4.4 Sq. Km) Fhewa Lake is the chief attraction for its purity, boating and state. It is surrounded by green hills which is unforgettable moment if anyone visits there and have boating. Along with this surrounding Tal Barahi Temple, David’s Falls, Begnas. Lake, Patale Chango, Mahendra Cave, Seti Rivers are other sources of attractions with historical importances. Besides, Bindhyabasini Temple, Kumari Temple, World Peace Pagoda, Rupa lake, are other attractions.

Pokhara has become a tourist city. Boating, nature view, Bungee-jumping, Paragliding are special attractions to the visitors. Though it sounds to be a bit expensive to stay and visit the area, Pokhara and her surroundings might imprint unforgettable experience in anyone who visits there.

2.  Write a text for a holiday brochure about a unusual type of holiday, e.g. pony trekking, safari, grape-picking, etc.

Pony Trekking

Nepal has ample places to have horse riding and enjoy the extreme beauties. Pony treks provide a fascinating way to experience the mountains of Nepal. For those who cannot take the strain of daily hiking and those who want to delight on long treks, pony trekking is the fruitful alternative.

Riding a horse or pony and watching various landscapes with natural gifted CATION beauties is beyond the description. Basically, the hired ponies are used to travel different regions like Pokhara. Dolpo, Lo Monthang, Daman, Nagarkot, Dhulikhel, etc. Day by day Pony treks are becoming increasingly popular. The landscape ranging from the plains of the valley to the gently undulating hills around and the mountains beyond, can take anyone through some of the most diverse terrains.

Various agencies have facilitated ponies to those types of tourists. By which full-length and short-length journeys are designed. But a single ride of pony in a single surrounding of any region of Nepal becomes a memorable experience of anyone. Basically, those tourists and travellers who have hobbies of visiting mountain sides on ponies is the optimum occasions in Nepali territories.

Safari

Jungle safari is one of the highlighting features of travels in Nepal. If jungle safari is not taken place, a trip to Nepal remains incomplete. Chitwan National Park is the most popular destination for tourists waiting to have a good experience of the region’s wildlife.

Chitwan National park was established as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. The area has covered 932 Sq. Km. having protection of 50 species of mammals, 49 species amphibians, over 500 species of birds 126 species of fish, 150 species of butterflies and other rear species..

Mostly covered in Sal trees, Chitwan National park is gifted with safari either Elephant’s back or Canoe ride. From water animals like crocodiles to wide animal rhinoceros, elephants, tigers like a numbers of endangered animals can be observed there.

Other than Chitwan National Park, Chitwan, there are other places famous for safari which are like Bardia National Park which has been spread in over 965 sq. km in Western Nepal and Suklaphat Wildlife Reserve which consists 305 sq. km. in area in Bardiya district. Other safari destinations can be Parsa Wildlife Reserve of Chitwan spreaded in 499 sq. km. of hills and flatlands. Every destination has specific distance and cost of visits.

Among all safari destinations Chitwan Parsa Wild Life Reserve has following procedures to enjoy and visit. There is daily flight from Kathmandu to Meghauli that cost $72 each day, and flight to Bharatpur $55 each way. If one wants to stay at Sauraha, the budget, accommodation place for Chitwan, get to Tandi Bazar located 15 km east of Narayanghat on the Mahendra Highway. It is easily accessible by road from Kathmandu, connected as it is by a national highway from Bharatpur to Sauraha. The state-run Sajha Yatayat buses cost around $1.2 from Kathmandu or Pokhara. To have 23 rafting trip down the Trishuli river to Narayanghat is another additional benefit to the visitors. There are plenty of jungle lodges and hotels though they sound expensive.

3.  Write a text intended to encourage people to visit your favourite restaurant, shop, bar, club, discotheque, museum or art gallery.

My Favourite Restaurant

Among the host of Restaurants in Kathmandu valley my favourite restaurant is Thakali Ghar Aangan Restaurant which is located at Bansbari infornt of Sahid Gangal Lal Heart Hospital, Kathmandu. It is full of specialities for its services and food items available there. It is not only good at noble services it provides, it has ample of choices any customers desire to have.

The restaurant is in maroon coloured building consisting three and half floors. One can have separate get together hall up to 50/60 people to celebrate family functions. One can have peaceful meeting hall or a VIP Room for special guests for their demand. It is full of tranquility and ever buzzing slow motion music continuously. The restaurant reflects Nepali culture; basically Thakali eating varieties and their specialties.

The dishes offered by Thakali Ghar Aangan are organic, typically collected from remote Himalayan regions of Nepal. Organic drinks, organic foods and pure and locally produced fruits and vegetables are main specialities of this restaurant. One can have Mustang’s potato, Mustang’s yak’s dried meat (Sukuti), pure drink made from Jumla’s apples. The pulses and milk items are also brought from far and wide regions of Nepal.

On the other hand, the culture and the service that are offered in this restaurant are totally different ones. A newly visited guest may be puzzled how to dine there in mannered way. It has special rules, systems and patterns of sitting, eating and behaving to each other. One has to be here to taste exotic foods and drinks so that s/he will understand what is meaning of Nepali foods or Thakali foods. Every thing is offered here to dine in according to the demand of customers in a respectful and humble dealing. In short, it is food zone with cultural reflection.

Narayanhiti Palace Museum

Nepal is culturally very rich country. There are innumerable historical cities, things and places. Among them Narayanhiti Palace Museum is one of the significant places and buildings of Nepal. It is a former royal palace in the capital of the Nepal, Kathmandu. The building of Narayanhiti Palace was built in 1970 replacing original building of 1915 in the form of a contemporary Pagoda design. It was built on the occasion of the marriage of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shaha.

Narayanhiti palace’s compound is located in the north-central part of Kathmandu, at the head of Durbar Marga. This palace was converted into public museum immediately after the country was declared as a republic. When the monarchy of Nepal was kicked out from palace and People’s Republic was declared in 2064, the palace turned into a museum. The palace area covers 30 hectors of land. At present, the place is used for the promotion of tourism of Nepal. It has also become a turning point to make our history world wide famous. It is a curious place to all Nepalese people to know about its overall aspects. I like the museum and its structure. We can get a number of information visiting it.

While talking about Narayanhiti Palace Museum, there are some rules to be followed by visitors. Nepali citizens have to pay 100 Rs., students have to pay 20 and foreigners have to pay up to 500 Rs for entry fee. We can’t visit this museum in all days of a week. It is closed in public holidays as well as Tuesday and Wednesday. The museum is open from 11:00 am to 4:00 pm only. I dislike that it should be opened in public holidays and upto 6 pm so that people after office hours can visit it. Sometimes people can’t get tickets easily and in time. It kills most important time of visitors. Anyway, museum has very impressive influence in me. It has become a centre of visit to million of people day by day.

The National Art Gallery

The National Art Gallery is situated in Bhaktapur district of Nepal. It was established in 1960 by the Government of Nepal, Department of Archaeology. The Art Gallery has reflection of traditional painting of Nepal basically ancient valuable paubhas (ancient religious scroll paintings) and manuscripts.

We can see two major sections of Art sections in the National Art Gallery. The Stone Art Section is one the ground floor beside the main entrance of the Gallery. We can find stone inscriptions upto Lichhavi King Shiva Dev Malla and King Yaksha Malla. Most of the stones used in those inscriptions are reported to be found in Bhaktapur District and its peripheries. Majorly such inscriptions have included in four-faced Shivalinga, Harihar, Chandrama, Tara, Surya, Vishnu, etc.

On the other had, painting section of the Art gallery includes the paintings of paubhas and manuscripts. Mostly, the paintings of Vasundhara Mandala, Vajra Yogini Shiva Viswarupa have great importance. The reflection of King Pratap Malla can be seen in this section. Actually, the Art Gallery has invaluable Nepalese Culture, tradition and ancient emblems through paintings, inscriptions and manuscripts preserved there.

4. Write a text, with an accompanying diagram, for a guide to the university system in your country.

University System of Education in Nepal

After the completion of school education, there begins University Education in the life of students. Primary Education (1 to 5) is formally first stage of education program. After competition of this level students have to complete Lower Secondary (6 to 8 grades) to reach the Secondary Education (presently 8 to 10 grades, but in New Education Plan it has covered upto 12 class in Secondary Program).

Formally, six-year age is starting period of school education though non-formal pre-primary, play group like classes are mostly run by private sectors. After the School Leaving Certificate (SLC) education, there occurs two years Higher Secondary Education Plan. Only then one enters in the erena of University Education.

Higher Education includes Bachelors, Masters, and above programs in the present Nepali Education Program. The academic years are varies according to levels, programs and subject they take up. Bachelor programs are Three, Four and Five years according to different disciplines. Masters Degree Programs are Two or Three years and M.Phill Program is Two or Three years and Ph.D. Program is normally 3 years academically registered.

To run University education in Nepal, there seems two levels or categories of education. One is privately run or conducted institutionally. In such institution fees and other donations become the major sources of sustainability. They seem to be a bit expensive in comparison to public or Government run institution. In latter case, everything is managed by Government or University. Beside Trubhuvan University and Mahendra Sanskrit University, Pokhara University, Kathmandu University, etc. have their own mechanism and law of conduction.

The diagram of University Education can be limited in the following diagram:

S.N.   Level Programs Academic Years for Completion
1.

2

3.

4.

Bachelor level

Masters level

M.Phill.

Ph.D.

3 years/ 4 years/ 5+ years (medicine)

2 years/ 3 years (Technical)

2 years (Two semistars)

3+ years

Ph.D. program can linger upto many years though it is academically limited to three years in Tribhuvan University Programme. Rest of the education degrees have certain years of completion.

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