1. Imagine you were the judge for these cases. What would your punishment be?
  1. abandoning thirty-five kittens in a forest on a cold night
  2. calling a police officer ‘a pig’
  3. constantly annoying neighbours by playing very loud music
  4. speeding near a school.


If I were the judge for the above mentioned cases, my punishment would be like this:

  1. I would order him to stay out in the street in a winter night.
  2. I would ask him to sit without word for five hours.
  3. I would charge her Rs. 10,000 as punishment.
  4. I would scize and helt his license for few days.
2. Before you go on holiday to another country what sort of things is it a good idea to find out about?

the weather

the food



Some preparation must be made beforehand you set out your journey.. Normally, following of the things should be prepared well and become familiar with.

→ one must have enough budget or roaming cost.

→ must have very clear idea about route, road, location so have a map.

→ public transport or the metro system (for big cities)

→where you will be staying (accommodation/ lodging)

→special cultural activities, national holidays, etc.

→ language skill to communicate with the country’s people (domestic language or link language)

3.  Make one new sentence combining the meanings of the two sentences using only…or I wish …
  1. I haven’t visited Bhutan. I would like to.
  2. My partner smokes. I would like them to stop.
  3. I regret the fact that I didn’t pay much attention at school.
  4. I eat too much junk food. I want to stop.
  5. We had a terrible holiday in the USA. I had really wanted to go to Italy.
  6. My friend failed his exams. He didn’t listen to my advice.


  1. I wish, I could visit Bhutan.
  2. I wish my partner would give up smoking. 3. I wish I had paid more attention at school.
  3. I wish I didn’t eat so much junk food.
  4. If only we’d gone to Italy instead of the USA.
  5. If only my friend had listened to me, he would have passed his exams.
4. Complete the sentences by putting in the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
  1. Which email messages do you wish you (never send) or (never open)?
  2. What things do you wish you (know) before you started your current job?
  3. What do you wish your boss/ parents/ friends (do) and (not do)?
  4. What do you wish you (have) more time to do?
  5. What do you wish you (not promise) your boss or partner that your would do?
  6. What do you wish you (not have to) do at work?


1. What email messages do you wish you had never sent or never opened?

  •  I wish I hadn’t sent fake email to my friend.

2.What things do you wish you had known before you started your current job?

  •   I wish I had known clear business strategies before I started my current job.

3. What do you wish your boss/ parents/ friends would do and wouldn’t do?

  •  I wish my friends would not do my backbiting.

4. What do you wish you had more time to do?

  • I wish I had more hours to prepare for exams.

5. What do you wish you hadn’t promised your boss or partner that you would do?

  • I wish I hadn’t promised my partner that I would support him financially.

6. What do you wish you didn’t have to do at work?

  • I wish I didn’t have to support friend completing his target
5. Discuss the things you are most satisfied with so far in your career and in general. Are there any things you would do differently if you had the chance?

My home town is in a remote region of my country. My parents are from farming background. I am the eldest child (son) of my family. I got chance to continue higher studies after I completed SLC in good division. Despite of my seniors advice I chose management faculty for the further study. At present I am studying in BBS 2nd year as well as I am doing job. I have become

independent financially. Moreover, I support my parents financially to educate my siblings. I am fully satisfied and happy with my current life. My job is also dynamic, in big company and at secured position.

But having all these I have some feelings occurred sometimes If I had gone the way of technical education i.e. engineering, I wouldn’t have hurt my guardians and parents. If I continued the study from that sector, I would be capable and had enough family support. Overall, I am ok with present status and up grading my career up to now.

6. If you could ban something, what would it be? Here are some suggestions.
  • car alarms
  • dogs
  • smoking in public places


If I could ban something, it would be:

  • the hustle and bustle traffic of cities.
  • the use of mobile phone/ cell phone in public places such as in hospital and in transportation.
  • the parking on the road sides and narrow streets.
  • having drink in driving and public places.
  • plastic uses in the populated urban areas.
  • throwing cannels and garbages into the river in the towns.
  • the crossing highways and roads wherever people want.
  • the cutting down trees to make black markets.
  • making loud tones of cell phones in the publication and sensitive places.
  • chopping innocent animals for the human meat/ foods.
7. Choose the correct form of the verb to complete the sentences.
  1. What didn’t the government allow to import/people to import?
  2. What were people forced to do/doing?
  3. What did Lee want to prevent to happen/from happening?
  4. What did Lee get ordinary people to do/doing?
  5. Has Singapore managed to avoid/avoiding droughts?
  6. What has Lee enabled his country to become/becoming?
  7. What language did he make his people to use/use/using?
  8. What did he ban the people to do/from doing?


  1. people to import- The government didn’t allow people to import chewing gum.
  2. to do- People were forced to smile, to be polite, not to smoke and to flush public toilets.
  3. from happening- Lee wanted to prevent a drought.
  4. to do- Lee got ordinary people to plant trees.
  5. to avoid- Yes, Singapore has managed to avoid droughts.
  6. to become- Lee has enabled his country to become a first world country.
  7. use He made his people use English language.
  8. from doing- He banned the people form feeding the pigeons.
8. Match A with B to make complete sentences.
1. I just wanted to

2. I’d like to say

3. To be honest

4. In fact I thought

5. I really appreciate

6. It was an honour to

a. what you did to get the concert hall ready.

b. I didn’t think much of it.

c. their whole set was pretty weak.

d. thank you for all your hard work.

e. have such fine musicians performing in our hall,

f. it’s been a pleasure working with you.


  1. d.
  2. f
  3. b
  4. c
  5. a
  6. e
9. How far do differences in behaviour relate to national characteristics?

I think there should be similar attitude of people towards their nation and citizens. This is called a sense of nationality. All should be dedicated to sacrifice for the sake of nation, in this case the nation becomes ideal and it reflects a true national characteristics.

Each individual is naturally different in their behaviors and activities. This individual difference is one aspect but there should be proper concept of national integrity and universal brotherhood. We normally introduce proudly ourselves as Nepali since our Nepalese culture, honesty and generous hearts show the loyalty and true humanity in the international scenarios.

There are a number of ways to respect our elders. Some bow down their head, some say Namaste, other bow down on someone’s feet, but there lies a true sense of respect. Though we adopt our own types of religions, but if any Nepali is killed and misbehaved, we feel sorry with a feeling of nationality. Let’s take the scenario of natural calamity took place in 2015 (2072 BS) as Earthquake that damaged billion dollars of property and hundreds and thousands families. In this national pathetic situation most of Nepalese are cooperative, understandable and sharing and caring to each others. Though some rogues are getting benefits of this period but the majority of people are wailing for national problem and taking challenge and helping each other from home and abroad.

Unfortunately, political leaders in Nepal have spoken lies and frequently cheated to humble people. This is why there is no peace and stability in the country. Again, there are verities in our respective relations and in our understandings. Sometimes we characterize our nation as unity in plurality with integrity and multiple races, classes and groups. This is special characteristics of Nepal and Nepalese people.

Most importantly, some behaviorus of our forefathers and leaders or heroes we have established a distinct national characteristics. Our golden past or history has ever highlighted our unity in differences. This invaluable cultural heritage must be maintained and promoted by all Nepalese people. From an individual manner to socio-cultural patterns, differences in behaviours reflect to national characteristics in the context of Nepal.

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